HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language)
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) was created by Tim Berners-Lee in 1980, and it is the standard markup language used to create web pages on the internet. After an HTML web page is created and stored on a web server, it can be fetched by a web browser which then renders the page by reading and executing the instructions (HTML tags) contained in the HTML document. Originally, in addition to defining the structure of a web page, HTML markup was used to control the layout, fonts and appearance. Starting in 1997, the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) recommended using CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) for this purpose.